Snus users had significantly higher arterial stiffness as well as impaired endothelial function, i.e.
Snus users had significantly higher arterial stiffness as well as impaired endothelial function, i.e.Tags: Essay On Short Term Memory LossPre Experimental Design One Shot Case StudyEssays On Adam Smith SkinnerWriting The Research ProposalBusiness Plan Samples For New BusinessThesis Reference Style LatexRubric For Assessment Of The Personal EssayWhy Did The Salem Witch Trials Happen Essay
There was no difference in fibrinolytic function and endothelial progenitor cells between the two groups.
Discussion: Smoking a single cigarette causes a rapid activation of endothelial cells, platelets and leukocytes.
This elucidates that nicotine alone may alter endothelial function, both upon acute and chronic exposure.
Snus users also display an attenuated effect of glyceryl tri-nitrate which further strengthens the findings that snus use is associated with increased mortality following myocardial infarction.
Paper IV was a cross-sectional study investigating healthy long-term snus users (mean age 44.8 years) and age-matched controls.
Formal Business Plan - Thesis Of Smoking Cigarettes
Arterial stiffness, forearm blood flow as well as fibrinolytic function and endothelial progenitor cells in blood samples were analyzed.
Cigarette smoking is considered one of the leading causes of preventable morbidity and premature death worldwide.
A large portion of this is attributable to cardiovascular disease such as ischemic heart disease and stroke.
In summary, we demonstrate that the nicotine content in combustion-free nicotine delivering products may alter vascular function.
E-cigarettes and snus should therefore not be considered as harmless recreational products. Mobarrez F, Antoniewicz L, Bosson JA, Kuhl J, Pisetsky DS, Lundbäck M. Fulltext (DOI) Pubmed View record in Web of Science® II.