Or the mini essay could be a letter or memo to the instructor about the writing process, for example, introducing the document and describing how they wrote it, what problems they solved, and how well they achieved their purpose or targeted their audience.Once students have practiced reflection and perhaps shared with you or with peers, they will be ready for a more formal, written form of self-assessment. A good rubric helps students understand the criteria used to judge writing.Clear expectations spelled out in a rubric should guide the student into seeing common problems as well as a good performance.Tags: David Foster Wallace Host EssayRead My Essay To MeThe Pearl Essay GreedCollege Board College EssayUndergraduate Admissions EssayTrigonometry Essay QuestionLiterature Review StudyExample Of Argumentative Essay On Animal TestingApa Rubric Research PaperChicago Style Research Paper Format
Perhaps the most effective journal type for reflection is the double-entry or "Dialectical Notebook" as described by Peter Elbow and Pat Belanoff (, 2nd ed., 1995).
With this method the writer divides a page by a center line, or two facing pages in a side bound spiral notebook, in order to put two pieces of writing in "dialogue" with each other.
It is often presented in terms of a "cover letter" or "memo" to the instructor that accompanies a completed product.
It could also be presented as a mini essay as described above.
An effective practice is for them to open a separate word processing file as they write, then toggle back and forth between their document in progress and their log, recording thoughts as they go.
In order to promote reflection while students are in the midst of their writing assignments, ask them to: Mini essays can be written based on journal or log entries, then used in peer groups to promote discussion about how the writing and drafting process works for different people.While for some, reflection comes naturally, most students must learn to reflect.According to Donald Schon (, 1987), reflection occurs in stages.Or the writing specific questions can take center stage.Following are some examples of questions often asked in self-assessment prompts: Through guided reflection and self-assessment, students learn more about who they are as writers, thus gaining the skill necessary to think through their own composition problems critically, and improving their abilities to edit and proofread their own work.On the right side, the good and bad moments within the writing process might be recorded, the analysis, questions, and/or pertinent portions of a conversation with a fellow writer who provided feedback.On the left side, notes, answers, and/or comments about the first set of notes are recorded. Logs are a way for students to reflect in action or to reflect between drafts (constructive reflection), that is, as they write.However, the formal reflection-in-presentation that is turned in with a writing assignment should be read and responded to with marginal comments appropriate to the writer's message; for example, he or she might need a word of encouragement, praise, or empathy. A simple "I've been there, and I understand," or "Glad that technique worked for you! Reflection has great potential if you can get students involved and motivated.As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 79,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.It may be helpful to provide prompts that will help students reflect.Prompts can be primarily geared to your course content, in other words focusing on your subject knowledge and what you hoped students would gain from the assignment, with writing specific questions coming in as secondary.