He was a member of the committee that organised the Indonesian Doctors’ Association, or (IDI), in 1950 and served as its president between 19.
In December 1949, he was the first president of the University of Gadjah Mada, the first dean of medicine, and a professor of bacteriology.
Sarwono Prawirohardjo is one of the most important builders of medical and scientific institutions in independent Indonesia.
The Pasteur Institute was the main manufacturer of vaccines in the Dutch East Indies; its employees conducted bacteriological research.
When the British and Dutch armed forces took control of Batavia (now Jakarta), Indonesia’s president, Sukarno, and his vice president, Mohammad Hatta, and almost all ministers and government officials moved to Yogyakarta.