It is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfill his possibilities”. Raymont: “Education is a process of development from infancy to maturity, the process by which he adopts himself gradually in various ways of his physical, social and spiritual environment”.(xi) Redden: He has given the best and widely acceptable definition. It is an activity or a process which transforms the behaviour of a person from instinctive behaviour to human behaviour. In other words, it is the process of sublimation of instincts. Education enables man to realize his self and leads him to salvation or emancipation. It is the process whereby human beings adapt gradually in various ways to their physical and social environment.(iv) Panini, the famous grammarian: “Human education means the training which one gets from nature”.Tags: Explanatory Essay SamplesJohn Galt Speech EssayDo Research Papers Need A ThesisEssay On The Grapes Of WrathFirstly Secondly Lastly EssayCaltech Feynman EssayWatson Glaser Critical Thinking PracticeEnglish Research Paper Assignment
It is through education that personally of individual is unveiled in all its aspects- physical, intellectual, social, emotional, moral, spiritual and aesthetic.
It enables him/her to be intelligent, learned, skillful bold, courageous and virtuous.
(ii) Upanishads: “Education is that whose end product is salvation”.
(iii) Yajnavalkya, the famous Indian legislator of the past: “Education is that which makes a man of good character and useful to the society”.
Therefore, education implies the acquisition of knowledge and experience as well as the development of skills, habits, and attitudes etc.
which help a person to lead a worth-while life in the society. Indian Concept of Education: It can be noted in the following ways: (i) Rig Veda: “Education is that which makes a man self-reliant and self-less”.
Thus, the etymological root conveys certain important meanings. It should, however, be noted that nothing can be drawn from within unless something is put in beforehand.
The words educatum’ and ‘educare’ convey the notion that education is something external which is damped from outside. The word ‘educere’ is opposed to the former, which conveys the idea that education is a growth from within. As such, before we expecting something to be drawn out the best in the child, we have to pump in some sorts of knowledge and experience before hand.
(x) Aurobindo: “Education is helping the growing soul to draw out that is in itself”. Some of the popular views of the western thinkers of education are as follows: (i) Plato in his “Republic”: “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment.
It develops in the body and in the soul of the pupil all the beauty and all the perfection of which he is capable of”.