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Mc Garry says, are less developed writers; faculty “are doing more of the work of writing” for them. Hopkins is known to be cerebral; Brown, experimental; Boston University, at one year, intense; University of Arkansas, at four years, academic. to work as an organizer of literary open-mike events.
Among them: the pervasiveness of digital media and celebrity culture, where anyone with a blog feels like a best-selling novelist-in-waiting; the rise of memoirs, a natural extension of the online selfie writing culture; the popularity of magical realism and noir fiction novels, which have turned many 20-somethings on to literature; and changes in generational attitudes, aspirations and culture.“The younger generation is making career choices determined by quality of life,” says Jeannine Blackwell, dean-in-residence at the Council of Graduate Schools and a professor at the University of Kentucky. Barth, a National Book Award winner in 1973, called his students “advanced apprentices.”M. Students have come to expect education to be prescriptive, she says. They allow students to test their stamina (and talent) for what Timothy Donnelly, chairman of the Writing Program at Columbia, calls a “radical lifestyle choice.”The best also hone technique and train students to read analytically. Donnelly puts it, students develop an appreciation for the “sensuous aspect of language” and the ability to translate their experience of life onto the page. “And then I think, ‘Well, let’s roll up our sleeves.’ ”Creative writing programs are designed as studio or academic models. They typically offer fiction and poetry tracks, though “creative nonfiction” is gaining ground, as are screenwriting and playwriting. programs are low-residency — they meet for about two weeks on campus or some other on-ground spot (New York University, for example, gathers low-residency students in Paris); the rest of the semester is conducted online. and is contemplating pursuing the degree, says: “What writers don’t understand is that there is little pragmatic about the M. A.” Of a dozen writer friends who went on to earn M. A.s, most, he says, are now doing “whatever they might have done before getting the degree,” including restaurant management, real estate and writing Web content.
She sees that as a reflection of undergraduate education that emphasizes specialization and pre-professionalism, with little room for the arts, reading or writing. A., adding a year because students needed more time to develop.“Our understanding of what it takes to be an artist is geared to an era’s myths,” Ms. The best provide a temporary respite from a fast-paced culture unsympathetic to the pursuit of art for art’s sake, and an opportunity to find a community of like-minded people who validate your work and motivations.
By last year, that number had more than tripled, to 229 (and another 152 M. programs in creative writing), according to the Association of Writers and Writing Programs.
With so many highly tutored creative writers already out there, is success possible without the instruction and literary connections that are cultivated in M.
Jean Mc Garry, a chairwoman of the Writing Seminars at Johns Hopkins, says that the teaching of creative writing has taken on even more significance because the way we learn has changed. The program started as a one-year Master of Arts and attracted students older than the average 26-year-old in today’s full-residency programs. Antioch University, Los Angeles, has a social justice emphasis; Chatham University in Pittsburgh emphasizes environmental writing; Pratt Institute in New York has social justice and environmental tracks. Academic programs require other coursework, sometimes literature, foreign language or translation courses. One hopes people at least understand the odds and how difficult it can be.”Including the odds of teaching at college, which many hope to do with the terminal degree. “It’s like, is anybody out there even reading this stuff?
That, she says, goes hand in hand with a focus on reinvigorating urban communities through theater, art installations, food culture and centers for literature and writing. Some distinguish themselves by focusing on thematic writing. Studio programs mimic conservatories and focus exclusively on the writing craft. program last May, says that once out of the cocoon, degree holders face a tough adjustment to the unstructured writing life, and the grind of sending work to multiple journals and receiving multiple rejections, if they hear back at all. Kanakia is more fortunate than most, with pending publication of a young adult novel begun at Hopkins.)Chris Brecheen, who blogs on the M.
A.-less,” says Junot Díaz, a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and M. A.-holder who has been a vocal critic of the degree.
NYC,” George Saunders, a professor in Syracuse’s program, writes that there are so many negative myths about the M.
Or Jane Monteagle, an Antioch graduate, who pioneered creative writing programs in Los Angeles correctional facilities. Tremper says, are likely to return to “normal jobs.” If highly motivated, they will try to squeeze in writing in hopes of the big break, and they will struggle. He is finishing his first novel, will graduate from N.
from Queens University of Charlotte, in North Carolina, at 53; publishes stories and poems about patient experiences in JAMA and other journals; and created a course in narrative medicine for medical students. ”David Wingrave is willing to roll the dice to find out. in May and will then look for an agent.“Before,” he says, “I had no contacts in the literary world, no sense of the process a book must go through, no ability to discuss the craft of literature, and on a day-to-day basis, no time to dedicate myself to it.