Juvenile Delinquency Essay

Juvenile Delinquency Essay-69
The boot camps are military style arrangements with strict routines and focus on discipline whereas the interventions involve rehabilitation centers and counseling.Boot camps are not effective in the long run as they are simply providing kids with a tough image, and the rehabilitation centers along with detention facilities aim to fix the problem at its roots.

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It is easy to shake our heads in astonishment and disappointment when we hear the evening news headlines which are increasingly featuring the same old crime stories but with younger perpetrators.

Juvenile delinquency has become a widespread, national, and even global issue as people under the age of 18 are committing more crimes in number, and which are unfortunately increasing in their heinousness.

Perhaps the biggest reason for juvenile delinquency is the negative peer pressure a child faces which leads him or her to crimes one would never suspect.

It is usually because of friends that people experiment with drugs and crimes as they get encouragement and assistance.

The days when children were punished or scolded for throwing a couple of snowballs at passers-by are long gone, and adults have to contemplate punishing kids for adult crimes such as molestation, drug abuse, and even murder.

In fact, sociologists conclude that almost 60-70% of young men and women take part in juvenile crimes.Sociologists named five main reasons behind juvenile crimes which are childhood trauma, low self-esteem, race and gender, social and family background, and peer groups.Most children who have suffered abuse or molestation are more likely to be defiant because, in most cases, the child’s trust is violated by relatives and friends he or she trusts.In 1997, 40 percent of all those living below the poverty level in the United States were under the age of 18 (Snyder and Sickmund, 1999).Structural changes in society, including fewer two-parent homes and more maternal employment, have contributed to a lack of resources for the supervision of children's and adolescents' free time.Many states began taking a tougher legislative stance toward juveniles in the late 1970s and early 1980s, a period during which juvenile crime rates were stable or falling slightly, and federal reformers were urging prevention and less punitive measures.Some of the dissonance between the federal agenda and what was happening in the states at that time may have been caused by significant changes in legal procedures that made juvenile court processes more similar—though not identical—to those in criminal (adult) court.When a community works to prevent juvenile delinquency, people point to varying opinions as solutions.The two opposing views are boot camps and intervention facilities.The main response to the most recent spike in violent juvenile crime has been enactment of laws that further blur distinctions between juvenile courts and adult courts.States continued to toughen their juvenile crime laws in recent years, making sentencing more punitive, expanding allowable transfers to criminal (adult) court, or doing away with some of the confidentiality safeguards of juvenile court.

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