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With this shift, key distinctive and rehabilitative approaches of the juvenile justice system have been lost to the more severe consequences attendant to criminal justice system involvement.Today’s juvenile justice system still maintains rehabilitation as its primary goal and distinguishes itself from the criminal justice system in important ways.CJJR is proud to announce the release of its latest CYPM Spotlight Report, featuring the Harris County Youth Collective’s youth partnership initiative.
A crucial component of this work is to create true partnerships with youth and young adults who have systems experience.
Through meaningful collaboration, HCYC and its youth partners help shift the trajectory of their lives in a positive way and influence broader systems change.
This Report highlights the challenges and successes of HCYC’s effort and provides jurisdictions in pursuit of real youth partnership lessons to build upon.“Research Supports Model’s Effectiveness in Improving Outcomes for Youth” is the latest publication in the CYPM in Brief series.
Authored by Hannah Mc Kinney, the brief provides an overview of recent studies that have evaluated the CYPM and the promising results found therein.
The juvenile justice system has grown and changed substantially since 1899.
Originally, the court process was informal—often nothing more than a conversation between the youth and the judge—and the defendant lacked legal representation.
States enacted mechanisms to move youth from juvenile to adult criminal court for trial and punishment.
In some cases, these new laws saddled children with the most severe sentences—death and life without the possibility of parole.
Developmental psychology — which demonstrated youth’s developmental immaturity, particular susceptibility to negative peer influences, and a capacity for change and rehabilitation — is supported by neuroscience, which has shown that key areas of the adolescent brain continue to develop until the mid-twenties.
This research has forced constitutional changes in how youth are sentenced when prosecuted in the criminal justice system, as well as required the adoption of new rules and standards for law enforcement interrogation of youth, youth’s competency to stand trial and the reliability of youth confessions, among other things.