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For example a storm would set a good atmosphere for a gothic novel.Tension and suspense are also important elements of atmosphere.
Gothic fiction is a subgenre of horror, exemplified by authors such as H. Lovecraft, Edgar Allan Poe, Mary Shelley, and Wilkie Collins.
Gothic horror consists of moody landscapes, supernatural experiences, and an atmosphere filled with dread.
In the most general terms, Gothic literature can be defined as writing that employs dark and picturesque scenery, startling and melodramatic narrative devices, and an overall atmosphere of exoticism, mystery, fear, and dread.
Often, a Gothic novel or story will revolve around a large, ancient house that conceals a terrible secret or that serves as the refuge of an especially frightening and threatening character.
Horace Walpole also designed a whimsical, castle-like Gothic residence called Strawberry Hill.
Today, Gothic literature has been replaced by ghost and horror stories, detective fiction, suspense and thriller novels, and other contemporary forms that emphasize mystery, shock, and sensation.Elements of Gothic fiction are prevalent in several of the acknowledged classics of 19th-century literature, including Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" (1818), Nathaniel Hawthorne's "The House of the Seven Gables" (1851), Charlotte Brontë's "Jane Eyre" (1847), Victor Hugo's "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" (1831 in French), and many of the tales written by Edgar Allan Poe (“The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” 1841; "The Tell-Tale Heart," 1843).There are important, though not always consistent, connections between Gothic literature and Gothic architecture.A few of the most influential and popular 18th-century Gothic writers were Horace Walpole ("The Castle of Otranto," 1765), Ann Radcliffe ("Mysteries of Udolpho," 1794), Matthew Lewis ("The Monk," 1796), and Charles Brockden Brown ("Wieland," 1798).The genre continued to command a large readership well into the 19th century, first as Romantic authors such as Sir Walter Scott (“The Tapestried Chamber," 1829) adopted Gothic conventions, then later as Victorian writers such as Robert Louis Stevenson ("The Strange Case of Dr. Hyde," 1886) and Bram Stoker ("Dracula," 1897) incorporated Gothic motifs in their stories of horror and suspense.Gothic literature developed during the Romantic period in Britain; the first mention of "Gothic," as pertaining to literature, was in the subtitle of Horace Walpole's 1765 story "The Castle of Otranto: A Gothic Story" which, the British Library says, was meant by the author as a subtle joke."When he used the word it meant something like ‘barbarous,’ as well as ‘deriving from the Middle Ages.’" In the book, it's purported that the story was an ancient one, then recently discovered. The supernatural elements in the story, though, launched a whole new genre, which took off in Europe.While each of these types is (at least loosely) indebted to Gothic fiction, the Gothic genre was also appropriated and reworked by novelists and poets who, on the whole, cannot be strictly classified as Gothic writers.In the novel "Northanger Abbey," Jane Austen affectionately showcased the misconceptions and immaturities that could be produced by misreading Gothic literature.You can write your own piece of gothic fiction if you know about its conventions.Keep reading to learn how to write a gothic fiction story.