Essays About Stem Cell Research Ethics

Essays About Stem Cell Research Ethics-34
The needs assessment employed 17 semi-structured interviews and focus groups with 26 participants involving stem cell science trainees, principal investigators, research ethics board members, and governance experts across Canada. Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. Additional institutional resources, i.e., media communication officers, should be made known to scientists.Results of these discussions were analyzed and coded for common themes [] and used to create an online survey to determine the representativeness of findings. (see “RCR Resources,” “Research Misconduct” and “Policies Regulations” tabs) 6. Due to patients accessing the internet about unproven stem cell interventions, patients may reach out to stem cell scientists for medical advice.Ethics has become widely accepted as a core component of good science []. Due to the historical cases of abuse in RIHs, a formal governance model has become widespread in many nations, most of which operate as institutional review boards although centralized and other review models are becoming commonplace [].

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Stem cell research is an exciting field with clinical potential and has been rapidly moving towards the goal of translating research into therapeutics. A critical issue for (a) is whether animal use provides a good model for reaching findings relevant to human health.

Like all scientific fields, there are many ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) associated with stem cell research and stem cell scientists, especially trainees, should be aware of them. In some cases, concerns about scientific validity and relevance of particular animal models to human health are raised [].

The needs assessment can be done in two components: performing content analysis of documents and capturing the views of stakeholders using interviews and surveys. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). It is equally important to cover practical topics to scientists including hype and effective communication, commercialization, and unproven stem cell interventions.

A needs assessment can begin by performing a literature and web search on (1) potential topics to cover in the course, e.g., the responsible conduct of research, ethics of research involving animals and humans, and stem cell ethics; (2) relevant international, national, state/provincial, and institutional policies; and (3) courses offered at other institutions. Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals. Hype can be defined as positive or negative exaggerations of science [].The goal of capturing stakeholder perceptions is to assess the knowledge and knowledge gaps, skills and attitudes towards ethics training, and institutional culture. National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine. Adviser, Teacher, Role Model, Friend: On being a mentor to students in science and engineering. The International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR) has recently released ].Considering there is extensive variation in the views of instructors on RCR topics and their expertise [], capturing instructors’ perception is important to determine expertise and gain perspectives on the value of different topics and student feedback. Promoting Research Integrity in a Global Environment. Topics surrounding hype, commercialization, stem cell tourism, and effective communication are intimately intertwined and represent some of the current tangible ethics issues that would be of direct interest and practical significance to stem cell scientists.This phase involves research and data collection using social science methods to help instructors understand the needs and receive buy-in from different stakeholders, understand institutional culture, work within budget, and design an effective course/program and tools to evaluate effectiveness []. The strengths and weaknesses of these moral theories can be discussed to show the intractability of the debate surrounding the moral status of embryos.In the absence of this effort, ethics education might be created to address issues important to its creators or one party instead of the needs of scientists. Beyond questions of moral status, earlier ethical debates surrounding SCR honed in on the potential physical and social harms to women as egg providers [].The aim of ethics education for stem cell researchers is to understand the ELSI of SCR, develop a sense of moral responsibility of research, understand the ethical conduct of scientific research, and develop ethical reasoning skills. Our approach to teaching stem cell ethics and policy is to focus on some of the principles and ethical issues surrounding SCR (Table ).Our approach to developing an ethics training program containing three important elements is as follows: (1) needs assessment, (2) robust course design, and (3) course evaluation. Earlier debates surrounding SCR focused on the moral status of human embryos and whether embryos can be created for research purposes while current issues surround patenting and commercialization, privacy protections of embryo donors, and unproven stem cell interventions (a.k.a. An ELSI course on SCR can cover several of these topics, the public communication of SCR, and the policies and practices of SCR.Two authors of this paper undertook a needs assessment to develop an online, nationwide ethics course for stem cell scientists based on a grant awarded by Canada’s Stem Cell Network []. The ISSCR guidelines outline that SCR scientists “should promote accurate, balanced, and responsive public representations of stem cell research” [].The aim was to understand the topics and their importance to the Canadian SCR community. Scientists should be made aware of the problems of hyping science and should take care in the accurate portrayal of the state of SCR.Based on a translational ethics approach [], we outline four broad topic areas appropriate for science trainees (typically graduate students and fellows) engaged in SCR: responsible conduct of research (RCR), the ethics of research involving animals (RIA), the ethics of research involving humans (RIH), and stem cell ethics and policy.]. Ethical issues of SCR in the late 1990s to mid-2000 surrounded the creation of new lines from human embryonic stem cells (h ESCs) and the potential use of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT—a.k.a. Considerable attention was given to determine whether human embryos had sufficient moral status (equivalent to persons) deserving of moral protection.Regardless of the need or interest in developing an educational program, a needs assessment and program planning are the important first steps. Several personhood theories can be discussed including potentiality (embryos have the potential to be born, grow up, and have a valuable life and thus deserve protection), cognitive capacities (only sentient persons with advanced cognition deserve protection), and showing respect to embryos irrespective of moral status [].

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