Essay On Importance Of Human Rights In Nepal

National Human Rights Commission:(1) There shall be a National Human Rights Commission of Nepal, consisting of a Chairperson and four other members.(2) The President shall, on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council, appoint the Chairperson and members.(3) The term of office of the Chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission shall be six years from the date of appointment.

(4) The Chairperson and members appointed under clause (2) shall not be eligible for reappointment.

Provided that a Member may be appointed to the office of Chairperson, and when a member is so appointed as the Chairperson, his or her term of office shall be so computed as to include his or her term as the Member.(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in clause (3), the office of the Chairperson or member of the National Human Rights Commission shall be vacant in any of the following circumstances:(a) if he or she tenders resignation in writing to the President,(b) if a motion of impeachment is passed against him or her under Article 101,(c) if he or she is removed from office by the President on recommendation of the Constitutional Council on grounds of his or her inability to hold office and discharge the functions due to physical or mental illness,(d) if he or she dies.(6) A person shall be eligible to be appointed as the Chairperson or a member of the National Human Rights Commission if he or she possesses the following qualification:(a) in the case of the Chairperson, being a retired Chief Justice or retired Judge of the Supreme Court and having rendered outstanding contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights or being a renowned person having been active for at least twenty years in and rendered outstanding contribution to the protection and promotion of human rights or to various fields of national life, (b) in the case of a Member, being a person being involved in the field of the protection and promotion of human rights or rights and interests of the child or being a renowned person having been active for at least twenty years in and rendered outstanding contribution to various fields of national life,(c) holding a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university,(d) having attained the age of forty five years,(e) not being a member of any political party at the time of appointment,(f) being of high moral character.(7) The remuneration and other conditions of service of the Chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission shall be as provided for in the Federal law.

The remuneration and conditions of service of the Chairperson and members of the National Human Rights Commission shall not, so long as they hold office, be altered to their disadvantage.

This is evident from the comparison of under-five mortality rates (U5MR) among women on the basis of their education level: U5MR for children of uneducated mothers is 1 births which is 64 per cent higher than for children of mothers with primary education, and is nearly double that for children of mothers with secondary level education.[5] Similarly, U5MR in urban areas is 93., whereas in rural and mountainous regions it increases to 147 and 2, respectively.

[5] There are also differences in immunization coverage, nutritional status and health care delivery.

Functions, duties and powers of National Human Rights Commission:(1) It shall be the duty of the National Human Rights Commission to respect, protect and promote human rights and ensure effective enforcement thereof.(2) For the accomplishment of the duty mentioned in clause (1), the National Human Rights Commission shall perform the following functions:(a) to inquire, on its own initiative or on petition or complaint presented in or sent to the Commission by a victim or any person on his or her behalf or on information received by the Commission from any source, into and investigate complaints of violations of human rights of an individual or group or abetment thereof, and make recommendation for action against the perpetrators,(b) if any official who has the responsibility or duty to prevent violations of human rights fails to fulfil or perform his or her responsibility or duty or shows reluctance in the fulfilment or performance of his or her responsibility or duty, to make recommendation to the concerned authority to take departmental action against such official,(c) if it is required to institute a case against any person or organization who has violated human rights, to make recommendation to file a case in the court in accordance with law;(d) to coordinate and collaborate with the civil society in order to enhance awareness on human rights,(e) to make recommendation, accompanied by the reasons and grounds, to the concerned body for taking departmental action against and imposing punishment on those who have violated human rights,(f) to carry out periodic reviews of the relevant laws relating to human rights and make recommendation to the Government of Nepal for necessary improvements in and amendments to such laws.(g) if Nepal has to become a party to any international treaty or agreement on human rights, to make recommendation, accompanied by the reasons therefor, to the Government of Nepal; and monitor whether any such treaty or agreement to which Nepal is already a party has been implemented, and if it is found not to have been implemented, to make recommendation to the Government of Nepal for its implementation,(h) to publish, in accordance with law, the names of the officials, persons or bodies who have failed to observe or implement any recommendations or directives made or given by the National Human Rights Commission in relation to the violations of human rights, and record them as violators of human rights.(3) In discharging its functions or performing its duties, the National Human Rights Commission may exercise the following powers:(a) to exercise all such powers as of a court in respect of the summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person before the Commission and seeking and recording his or her information or statements or depositions, examining evidence and producing exhibits and proofs,(b) on receipt of information by the Commission in any manner that a serious violation of human rights has already been committed or is going to be committed, to search any person or his or her residence or office, enter such residence or office without notice, and, in the course of making such search, take possession of any document, evidence or proof related with the violation of human rights,(c) in the event of necessity to take action immediately on receipt of information that the human rights of any person are being violated, to enter any government office or any other place without notice and rescue such person,(d) to order for the provision of compensation in accordance with law to any person who is a victim of the violations of human rights;(4) The National Human Rights Commission may so delegate any of its functions, duties and powers to the Chairperson of the Commission, any of its Members or a government employee as to be exercised and complied with subject to the specified conditions.(5) Other functions, duties and powers and rules of procedure of the National Human Rights Commission shall be as provided for in the Federal law.

1 October 2015, Kathmandu - The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization welcomes the promulgation of Nepal's new constitution which has enshrined the Right to Food as a fundamental right for its citizens, FAO's Representative in Nepal said today.

In the last two and a half decades, the country has experienced an average economic growth rate of four per cent.

However, the number of people below the poverty line has doubled from 4.7 million in 1976 to 9 million in 2002.[3]The indicators of health and quality of living are very meager in this part of the world. The maternal mortality ratio is 500 livebirths, [4] and the infant mortality rate is live births.[5]There are widespread disparities in the health care indicators between people from different class and geographical areas.

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