As a result, there was a real possibility of this very large population and its complex issues being ignored entirely in global development efforts.One major implication of that oversight was broad recognition that many of the Millennium Development Goals could not, in fact, be fulfilled without addressing disability-related injustice in the developing world (Mercer & Mac Donald, 2007).
Cumulatively, the findings of these studies suggest that violence against disabled Brazilians is a significant problem.
In this article, I briefly review the available literature on the subject of violence against disabled people in general and in Brazil in particular.
It illustrates that people with impairments continue being invisible and violated in Brazilian society, and while some of them rise to struggle against such social attitudes, the power structures in place oppress lives of millions of disabled Brazilians.
According to recent World Health Organization (WHO) reports,1 approximately 15 percent of the world's population, or 1 billion people, live with impairment(s) and the great majority of these individuals reside in developing countries,2 which typically offer little or no support to them.
Before examining the character and extent of abuse of the disabled in Brazil, I wish here to clarify the use of terminology in this analysis.
I acknowledge and respect the choices that disabled people make in choosing how best to describe their identity and experiences.
Although there are no national data and statistics regarding violence against disabled citizens in Brazil, findings from a number of small-scale research studies suggest that it is a problem of considerable magnitude.
This article draws on the existing literature on violence and oppression, empirical studies on violence against disabled people in Brazil and interviews with a sample of disabled Brazilians to argue that the most prevalent forms of violence in the nation are subtle and concealed forms of oppression that reproduce discriminatory power structures in Brazilian society.
As Seth Berkley and his colleagues (2013) argue, "[a] healthy population is a pre-requisite for development" (p.1076).
However, health should be viewed broader than immunizations, disease treatment and environmental factors.