The extent of the correlations with eating disorders was the strongest for Caucasian and Hispanic American women (Cashel, Cunningham, Cokley, & Muhammad, 2003).
To get to the point, this study proves that there is an affect of sociocultural attitudes on eating disorders.
The subjects self-evaluation is based on and influenced mainly by body shape and weight. Everything from macro causes, culture, and sociocultural attitudes, to micro causes, substance abuse and genetic relationships are all possible causes of eating disorders.
(Keel & Klump, 2003) In short, a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa is if subject "X" eats more then he or she should, and then inappropriately extinguishes the weight because the subject is not the weight he or she fantasizes to be. To determine if an eating disorder is culture bound data must be collected and sorted from various cultures along a timeline of many years. Implications for Conceptualizing Their Etiology, by Pamela Keel and Kelly Klump did just that.
Bulimia nervosa, as defined by the DSM-IV-TR, is just as terrifying as anorexia nervosa.
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The criteria is as follows: Recurrent episodes of binge-eating--consuming an amount of food which is much larger than most would eat during a similar period of time--at least once a week for three months. Recurrent and inappropriate behavior aimed at compensating for the weight gain, self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, enemas, or other medications; fasting; or excessive exercise. What is more effective than curing an eating disorder? The only way this is possible is by knowing what causes the specific disorder.After the questionnaire was finished a correlation between Caucasian women, all men, African American women, Hispanic American women, Caucasian sororities and Caucasian non-sororities to body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and bulimia was calculated..SATAQ Internalization was significantly correlated with EDI-2 (a self-report measure developed to assess a variety of symptoms reflective of eating disorders), Body Dissatisfaction and Drive for Thinness.These two disorders, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are alarming. They attained statistics from an assortment of cultures and along a timeline of sixty years.The experiment was done for anorexia nervosa and duplicated for bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa does not seem to be a culture-bound syndrome.SATAQ Awareness scores were extensively correlated with the Body Dissatisfaction and Drive for Thinness scales for the Caucasian American and Hispanic American female groups.The SATAQ Awareness scores for African American women and men were not considerably related to scores from the EDI-2.Risk factors are also common in eating disorder cases.There are many victims that have shown a pattern leading up to the disorder; it is a gradual process rather then a simple change in diet.Another possible cause for eating disorders is heredity. This strengthens the theory that eating disorders can be passed down from generation to generation.If a mother has an eating disorder does it mean her child will as well? Genetic relationships could be a cause of eating disorders.