Music has a direct connection to emotional states present in human beings.
Different musical structures have been found to have a relationship with physiological responses.
The study of 'music and emotion' seeks to understand the psychological relationship between human affect and music.
It is a branch of music psychology with numerous areas of study, including the nature of emotional reactions to music, how characteristics of the listener may determine which emotions are felt, and which components of a musical composition or performance may elicit certain reactions.
Emotivists argue that music elicits real emotional responses in the listener.
It has been argued that the emotion experienced from a piece of music is a multiplicative function of structural features, performance features, listener features and contextual features of the piece, shown as: Structural features are divided into two parts, segmental features and suprasegmental features.These are broken into two categories, performer skills, and performer state.Performer skills are the compound ability and appearance of the performer; including physical appearance, reputation, and technical skills.Research has shown that suprasegmental structures such as tonal space, specifically dissonance, create unpleasant negative emotions in participants.The emotional responses were measured with physiological assessments, such as skin conductance and electromyographic signals (EMG), while participants listened to musical excerpts.There are two schools of thought on how we interpret emotion in music.The cognitivists' approach argues that music simply displays an emotion, but does not allow for the personal experience of emotion in the listener.Objects can convey emotion because their structures can contain certain characteristics that resemble emotional expression."The resemblance that counts most for music's expressiveness ...The performer state is the interpretation, motivation, and stage presence of the performer.These different factors influence expressed emotion at different magnitudes, and their effects are compounded by one another.