Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.
edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the NOTE: Give the secondary source in the references list; in the text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source.
APA Style also addresses general editorial issues and the preparation of manuscripts for publication.
This guide does not discuss manuscript structure, writing style, mechanics of style, or data display.For help during regular library hours, please use Ask Us Live. Parenthetical in-text citations replace the traditional footnotes or endnotes.Reference List: The reference list at the end of the paper documents literature cited in the paper by providing the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source.The DOI can generally be found on the first page of scholarly journal articles as well as in the database record for that article.If the DOI does not appear on the article or in the database record, it may be found by entering citation information into the free DOI Lookup on Cross Pedagogical practices in the teaching of English language in secondary public schools in Parker County (Doctoral dissertation). The page header consists of the title of your paper left justified and the page number right justified.For example, if Seidenberg and Mc Clelland's work is cited in Coltheart et al.and you did not read the original work, list the Coltheart et al. Citations are placed in the context of discussion using the author’s last name and date of publication.(Rashed, 2008) Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.